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Abstract

Refugees and Internally Displaced People’s (IDPs) are extremely vulnerable to human rights abuses, particularly the lack or denial of physical and mental health care. The basic framework of refugee protection has been established and accepted worldwide for more than 50 years. Still, there is still a lack of commitment to respecting the human rights of refugees and providing adequate humanitarian assistance, including health care. Several international conventions and protocols establish the duties of states in terms of treatment of refugees. These include: the Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, the Geneva Conventions, the Statute of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, article 14. These documents establish international standards for governments and private organizations. They set guidelines for repatriating and assimilating refugees. The conventions and protocols create international standards.

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