The conflict in Bosnia resulted in 4.3 million displaced people, 250,000 estimated casualties, and more than 200,000 wounded including 50,000 children. (Cousens and Carter 25). In 1995, these facts became known to the world when the U.N. Protection Force (UNPROFOR), NATO, and the United States were able to reach a peace agreement with warring factions. As in World War II, Bosnian-Serbians, Bosnian-Croatians, Croatians, Muslim were active combatants. However, unlike World War II, no single governing authority emerged. Instead, the U.N., with key U.S. involvement, had to institute not only peace but also an administration that could uphold that peace. The Dayton Peace Accords insisted that all parties in Bosnia respect the two separate regions Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Srpska created by the accords, the full support of human rights for all citizens, and the reinstatement of all refugees to their pre-war residence.
"Human Rights and Post-War Reconstruction: Neotrusteeship in Bosnia,"
Human Rights & Human Welfare: Vol. 5
, Article 36.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.du.edu/hrhw/vol5/iss1/36