On June 25, 1993 the United Nations General Assembly held the World Conference on Human Rights, which adopted the Declaration and Programme of Action that states, “The human rights of women and of the girl-child are an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of universal human rights. The full and equal participation of women in political, civil, economic, social and cultural life, at the national, regional and international levels, and the eradication of all forms of discrimination on grounds of sex are priority objectives of the international community.” On September 18, 2008 The New York Times quoted Senator Cecilia López Montaño of Colombia, when speaking of women in positions of political power, “You have to be three times more intelligent, you have to be four times more transparent, you have to have everything more than men. We still have a male chauvinist society. It will continue this way until the „democratic deficit‟ is closed,” meaning equal representation for men and women (MacFarquhar 2008).

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