Household waste, practices of disposal, household waste management


Household waste comprises of garbage and rubbish from individual home and flats/ apartments. This waste consists of fruits and vegetables, food scrapes, papers, cans and bottles, clothes, chocolate wrappers, shampoo bottles and sachets etc. These are non- hazardous wastes generated by household and can be recycled. Hazardous wastes are those from pest control, home cleaners, batteries, garage oils which have adverse impact on the environment and threatens human life and other living organisms. The improper disposal of household hazardous waste by pouring waste oils and cleaners on the ground or disposing the containers along with other wastages affects the people living in that area and also affects the health of sewage cleaners. Dumping of solid wastes in the outskirts or open area has created huge landfills which pose serious threats on environment causing air pollution, contamination of ground water. Another serious problem in improper disposal of domestic waste is in regard to the process of collecting household waste. Lack of equipment and infrastructure for collection, inadequate number of bins and bin capacity, lack of manpower and technical skills and high rate of generation of waste from household sector. The present paper is intended to investigate the practices in the disposal of household waste, problems and challenges of improper disposal and measures for effective household waste management. The paper also highlights suggestions for proper disposal of household waste.