urbanization, environment


Impact of Urbanisation in India is the process resulting into increase in the proportion o furban population to the total population in an area. The coastline of India is characterised by several ecosystems and resources. The population in cities is generally increasing because they provide easy access to ocean, rivers beaches and other natural areas and are a good source for raw material and food. In India, Chennai is the fifth-largest city and 36th- largest urban area by population in the world. The Quality of Living Survey rated Chennai as the safest coastal city in India. As a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Chennai confronts substantial pollution and other logistical and socio-economic problems. The objective of the study is to identify the environmental pollution hotspots and preparing an environment management plan that includes rehabilitation and mitigation measures. The study draws the importance to maintain a balance between the ecology and economy in the region to ensure sustainable development. On the other hand, suggesting the measures to face the problems related to salinity ingress in land and water resources, depletion and degradation of coastal ecosystems and natural resources, pollution of resources like sewage intrusion, garbage disposal, etc, which have impacted on the life and livelihoods of people in multiple ways. Innovative approaches are needed to regulate the processes of salinisation and to manage to live with it since it cannot be eliminated.Keywords: Impact of Urbanisation, Coastal Environment, Sustainable Development.