Influence of Stems and Metaphyseal Sleeve on Primary Stability of Cementless Revision Tibial Trays used to Reconstruct AORI IIB Defects

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Revision, Metaphyseal‐sleeve, AORI‐IIB, Tibia, FEA

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Daniel Felix Ritchie School of Engineering and Computer Science, Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Center for Orthopaedic Biomechanics


Metaphyseal augments, such as sleeves, have been introduced to augment the fixation of revision total knee replacement (rTKR) components, and can be used with or without a stem. The effect of sleeve size in combination with stems on the primary stability and load transfer of a rTKR implant in AORI type IIB defects where the defect involves both condyles are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to examine the primary stability of revision tibial tray augmented with a sleeve in an AORI type IIB defect which involves both condyles with loss of cortical and cancellous bone. Finite element models were generated from computed tomography (CT) scans of nine individuals. All the bones used in the study had an AORI type IIB defect. The cohort included eight females (mean weight: 64 kg, height: 1.6 m). Material properties were sampled from CT data and assigned to the FE model. Joint contact forces for level gait, stair descent, and squat were applied. Stemless sleeved implants under various loading conditions were shown to have adequate primary stability in all AORI type IIB defects investigated. Adding a stem only marginally improved the primary stability of the implant but reduced the strain in the metaphysis compared to stemless implants. Once good initial mechanical stability was established with a sleeve, there was no benefit, in terms of primary stability or bone strains, from increasing sleeve size. This study suggests that metaphyseal sleeves, without a stem, can provide the required primary stability required by a rTKR tibial implant, to reconstruct an AORI type IIB defect.

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