June Gruber, University of Colorado, BoulderFollow
Jane Mendle, Cornell University
Kristen A. Lindquist, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Toni Schmader, University of British Columbia
Lee Anna Clark, University of Notre Dame
Eliza Bliss-Moreau, University of California, Davis
Modupe Akinola, Columbia University
Lauren Atlas, National Institutes of Health
Deanna M. Barch, Washington University in St. Louis
Lisa Feldman Barrett, Northeastern University
Jessica L. Borelli, University of California, Irvine
Tiffany N. Brannon, University of California, Los Angeles
Silvia A. Bunge, University of California - Berkeley
Belinda Campos, University of California, Irvine
Jessica Cantlon, Carnegie Mellon University
Rona Carter, University of Michigan
Adrienne R. Carter-Sowell, Texas A&M University
Serena Chen, University of California - Berkeley
Michelle G. Craske, University of California, Los Angeles
Amy J. C. Cuddy, Harvard Business School
Alia Crum, Stanford University
Lila Davachi, Columbia University
Angela L. Duckworth, University of Pennsylvania
Sunny J. Dutra, William James College
Naomi I. Eisenberger, University of California - Berkeley
Melissa Ferguson, Cornell University
Brett Q. Ford, University of Toronto
Barbara L. Fredrickson, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Sherryl H. Goodman, Emory University
Alison Gopnik, University of California - Berkeley
Valerie Purdie Greenaway, Columbia University
Kate L. Harkness, Queen’s University
Mikki Hebl, Rice University
Wendy Heller, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Jill Hooley, Harvard University
Lily Jampol, Humu, Inc.
Sheri L. Johnson, University of California - Berkeley
Jutta Joormann, Yale University
Katherine D. Kinzler, Cornell University
Hedy Kober, William James College
Ann M. Kring, University of California - Berkeley
Elizabeth Levy Paluck, Princeton University
Tania Lombrozo, Princeton University
Stella F. Lourenco, Emory University
Kateri McRae, University of DenverFollow
Joan K. Monin, Yale School of Public Health
Judith T. Moskowitz, Northwestern University
Misaki N. Natsuaki, University of California, Riverside
Gabriele Oettingen, New York University
Jennifer H. Pfeifer, University of Oregon
Nicole Prause, Liberos, LLC
Darby Saxbe, University of Southern California
Pamela K. Smith, University of California - San Diego
Barbara A. Spellman, University of Virginia
Virginia Sturm, University of California, San Francisco
Bethany A. Teachman, University of Virginia
Renee J. Thompson, Washington University in St. Louis
Lauren M. Weinstock, Brown University
Lisa A. Williams, University of New South Wales

Publication Date


Document Type


Organizational Units

College of Arts Humanities and Social Sciences, Psychology


Women, Gender, Gender roles, Bias, Psychology, Science


There has been extensive discussion about gender gaps in representation and career advancement in the sciences. However, psychological science itself has yet to be the focus of discussion or systematic review, despite our field’s investment in questions of equity, status, well-being, gender bias, and gender disparities. In the present article, we consider 10 topics relevant for women’s career advancement in psychological science. We focus on issues that have been the subject of empirical study, discuss relevant evidence within and outside of psychological science, and draw on established psychological theory and social-science research to begin to chart a path forward. We hope that better understanding of these issues within the field will shed light on areas of existing gender gaps in the discipline and areas where positive change has happened, and spark conversation within our field about how to create lasting change to mitigate remaining gender differences in psychological science.

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Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

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Copyright is held by the authors. User is responsible for all copyright compliance. This article was originally published as:

Gruber, J., Mendle, J., Lindquist, K. A., Schmader, T., Clark, L. A., Bliss-Moreau, E., … Williams, L. A. (2021). The future of women in psychological science. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 16(3), 483-516.

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June Gruber, Jane Mendle, Kristen A. Lindquist, Toni Schmader, Lee Anna Clark, Eliza Bliss-Moreau, Modupe Akinola, Lauren Atlas, Deanna M. Barch, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Jessica L. Borelli, Tiffany N. Brannon, Silvia A. Bunge, Belinda Campos, Jessica Cantlon, Rona Carter, Adrienne R. Carter-Sowell, Serena Chen, Michelle G. Craske, Amy J. C. Cuddy, Alia Crum, Lila Davachi, Angela L. Duckworth, Sunny J. Dutra, Naomi I. Eisenberger, Melissa Ferguson, Brett Q. Ford, Barbara L. Fredrickson, Sherryl H. Goodman, Alison Gopnik, Valerie Purdie Greenaway, Kate L. Harkness, Mikki Hebl, Wendy Heller, Jill Hooley, Lily Jampol, Sheri L. Johnson, Jutta Joormann, Katherine D. Kinzler, Hedy Kober, Ann M. Kring, Elizabeth Levy Paluck, Tania Lombrozo, Stella F. Lourenco, Kateri McRae, Joan K. Monin, Judith T. Moskowitz, Misaki N. Natsuaki, Gabriele Oettingen, Jennifer H. Pfeifer, Nicole Prause, Darby Saxbe, Pamela K. Smith, Barbara A. Spellman, Virginia Sturm, Bethany A. Teachman, Renee J. Thompson, Lauren M. Weinstock, and Lisa A. Williams


Received from author

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English (eng)


34 pgs

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311 KB

Publication Title

Perspectives on Psychological Science



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