Facilitating Voluntary Compliance with Established Total Maximum Daily Loads: The Example of Shelter Island Yacht Basin

Date of Award


Document Type

Undergraduate Capstone Project

Degree Name

Master of Applied Science

Organizational Unit

University College, Environmental Policy and Management


Environmental Policy & Mgmt

First Advisor

Stephanie Grand


Copper, TMDL, San Diego Bay, Antifouling hull paint


The use of copper antifouling hull paints has caused contamination in the Shelter Island Yacht Basin (SIYB) of San Diego Bay and led to the development of a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL). The regulation to reduce copper levels has been faced with non-compliance from the SIYB boating community. This is a sign that educational efforts have been unsuccessful. Education about the need for the regulation and how the named polluters and local businesses can voluntarily comply with no adverse economic impacts is crucial for meeting the regulatory copper reductions. This capstone project presents an education plan that has the potential to enhance voluntary compliance with the copper TMDL.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. Permanently suppressed.

This document is currently not available here.