The Rio Conventions and How They Impact Development of Countries with Economies in Transition

Date of Award


Document Type

Undergraduate Capstone Project

Degree Name

Master of Environmental Policy And Management

Organizational Unit

University College, Environmental Policy and Management


Environmental Policy And Management

First Advisor

John Hill


Biodiversity, Climate change, Convention on Biological Diversity (1992), Convention on Desertification (1994), Countries in transition, Desertification, Development, Environmental governance, Environmental policy, Georgia (Republic), Environmental policy, International cooperation, Rio Conventions, Sustainable development


Global environmental problems like climate change, threats to biological diversity, and desertification prompted governments to rethink their national and international policies and find new ways to reconcile environmental, economic, and sustainable development goals. To help countries like the Republic of Georgia (Georgia), international community designed the Rio Conventions as a policy and legal framework to address global environmental threats and sustainable development. This paper carefully explores and assesses whether the Rio Conventions have helped develop Georgia's capacity to address environmental problems, improve environmental governance and promote social and economic development. A thorough analysis of the situation demonstrates that while the Rio Conventions have been approved by the government, there is little evidence that the environment is considered essential for sustainable development and, therefore, requires strategic planning and resource allocation.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. Permanently suppressed.

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