Land Reform in South Africa in Light of Emerging Urbanization, Industrialization, and Globalization Trends

Date of Award


Document Type

Capstone Project


Environmental Policy & Mgmt

Degree Name

Master of Env Policy Mgmt


Environmental Policy And Management


Anton Camarota


Land Reform; Land reform -- South Africa; Poverty Alleviation; South Africa; Sustainable Industrialization


Black South Africans experienced centuries of mistreatment and land dispossessions, leaving their population in dire poverty and dependence. The 1994 democratization of South Africa birthed a three-fold land reform program dedicated to land restitution, land redistribution, and tenure reform. The first decade of implementation left government goals unmet. The relevance of land reform is examined given modern-day urbanization, industrialization, and globalization. This paper affirms land reform is still relevant socially and is therefore relevant politically and economically. Improvements to program implementation are suggested in the following areas: implementing agency support; rural representation; information management; land market stimulation; beneficiary support; and agrarian reform. Land reform limitations are discussed, and industrialization is briefly explored as the more likely solution to poverty issues.

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