Carbon Sequestration, Sustainable Development, and the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism: Implications for Reforestation Projects in Afghanistan

Date of Award


Document Type

Undergraduate Capstone Project

Degree Name

Master of Applied Science

Organizational Unit

University College, Environmental Policy and Management


Environmental Policy & Mgmt

First Advisor

Jerry Barker


Afghanistan, Carbon credits, Carbon sequestration, Clean development mechanism, Deodar cedar, Kyoto Protocol, Pistachio, Reforestation, Sustainable development


Afghanistan's pistachio woodlands and cedar forests have undergone severe degradation since 1977 due to over two decades of warfare, lack of governance, and drought. Minimal funding is available for rehabilitation. Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) allows developed nations achieve legally binding greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets by investing in emissions reduction projects in developing nations. Such projects simultaneously assist the developing nations with sustainable development objectives. This Capstone determines the total hectares of pistachio woodlands and cedar forests eligible for reforestation under CDM and demonstrates the associated environmental and socioeconomic benefits.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. Permanently suppressed.

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