Impact of Athletes’ Confidence and Motivation Levels on the Coach-Athlete Relationship

Date of Award


Document Type

Undergraduate Capstone Project

Degree Name


Organizational Unit

Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Artur Poczwardowski

Second Advisor

Ben Roberts


Coach-Athlete Relationship, Sport Motivation Scale-II, Predictive ability, Trait-Sport Confidence Inventory


The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive ability of the Trait-Sport Confidence Inventory (Vealey, 1986) and the Sport Motivation Scale-II (Pelletier, Fortier, Vallerand, Tuson, Briere, & Blais, 1995) in regards to the Coach-Athlete Relationship Questionnaire (Jowett & Ntoumanis, 2004). A total of 67 student-athletes from NCAA Division I, Division II, and Division III universities representing a variety of sports participated in the study. Analyses included correlations, multiple linear regressions, and a two-way MANOVA. Results of the study found significant positive correlations between confidence, closeness, commitment, complementarity, and the overall coach-athlete relationship; significant negative correlations between amotivation, commitment, and overall coach-athlete relationship. Regression results indicated confidence and motivation were not significant predictors of the 3C’s nor overall coach-athlete relationship. Findings from the two-way MANOVA did not reveal any group differences among gender, team versus individual sports, and divisions in regards to the 3C’s and overall coach-athlete relationship. Results are discussed in the context of previous literature as well as practical implications, limitations, and future research.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. Permanently suppressed.


43 pages

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