Date of Award
Doctoral Research Paper
Graduate School of Professional Psychology
Michael Karson, Ph.D., J.D., A.B.P.P.
Jennifer Tippett, Psy.D.
Chad D. Waxman, Psy.D.
Mass shootings, Mass violence, Tribalism, Social trauma theory, Society, Responsibility
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What is a mass shooter? This is difficult to answer as there is no single definition. The definition of a mass shooter depends on contextual factors including victim count, setting, and motivation (Gramlich, 2019). The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) defines active shooters as “one or more individuals actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a populated area” (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2021, page 1). While other definitions are used to identify a mass shooter, given the breadth of study in this area by the FBI, this paper will use the FBI definition.
Schultz, Paige D., "It Takes a Village: Tribalism as a Premise to Understand Societal Responsibility and Impact of Mass Violence" (2022). Graduate School of Professional Psychology: Doctoral Papers and Masters Projects. 446.
Theoretical Analysis and Synthesis