Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name


Organizational Unit

Joint Ph.D. Program in Study of Religion

First Advisor

Carl Raschke, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Nader Hashemi

Third Advisor

Albert Hernandez


Cosmopolitanism, Globalization, Olivier Roy, Post-secular, Religiosity, Secularization


My thesis is that secularization transforms religion into religiosity. In other words, the secular breaks apart religion, or rather, 'deculturates' religion from a cohesive, collective body embedded within a particular society and within a traditional culture towards an individuated, and existential experience of faith within the autonomous religious subject. There are various reasons for this shift, as there are various consequences. Globalization, which is modernization writ large, is the dominant paradigm through which I conceptualize these changes. The theorist whose work I use as a lens to interpret secularization, religion and societal transformation is Olivier Roy. Roy's theories are of significance within the contemporary debates of globalization, the post-secular, and what is known as the 'return of religion', in that his theories provide a strong explanatory effect of the conditions of contemporary religion and societal change. Roy stands in the tradition of secularization theory that supports transition towards religious decline. He does not advocate the model of a revival of religion within the West. For Roy, secularization stands triumphant. My work supports his argument, thus I too advocate the secularization model, albeit with certain modifications.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.

Rights Holder

Joshua Rey Ramos


Received from ProQuest

File Format




File Size

184 p.


Religion, Sociology, Political science