Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

B.S. in Environmental Science


Clean water, Point of use, Rural communities, Access to water, Water

Organizational Units

College of Natural Science and Mathematics, Geography and the Environment

First Advisor

Helen Hazen

Second Advisor

Michael Kerwin


Access to clean water is an issue that many communities around the world struggle with. While large-scale efforts such as piping infrastructure have been successful, these are less effective at reaching small, rural communities. To supplement these efforts, point of use (POU) methods for water treatment can be implemented. These include boiling, chemical treatment, filters, and several additional technologies. These have all shown effectiveness in a lab setting, but their implementation in the real world, specifically in rural communities, has not been nearly as effective. In this paper, several different POU methods are evaluated for their effectiveness on a small-scale, including associated costs. A locally specific education campaign for the proper use of these technologies would empower individuals to treat their own water and be responsible for their own health in a way that has never been seen before.

Copyright Statement/License for Reuse

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.